One of the most applied surgical procedures today is sleeve gastrectomy and is commonly known as ``stomach reduction surgery``.

In sleeve gastrectomy surgery, the stomach is turned into a long, thin tube like a banana. 80 percent of the stomach is cut and removed laparoscopically, that is, with the closed surgery method. Thus, the food intake of the stomach is restricted. In addition, sleeve gastrectomy surgery has the effect of reducing food absorption, although at a very low level.

The appetite of those who have gastric sleeve surgery decreases. In addition, insulin resistance is broken without even weight loss.

What is the duration of stomach reduction surgery?

Gastric sleeve surgery is performed in 1.5 hours on average. Since the exit and entrance section of the stomach is preserved and the continuity in the digestive system is maintained, the risks after sleeve gastrectomy are low and some unwanted side effects are reported very little.

Which Stomach Reduction Surgery is Most Commonly Performed?

Gastric sleeve surgery is the most commonly performed gastric sleeve surgery with proven effectiveness and low risk. The medical name of sleeve gastrectomy, which has a 15-year history, is sleeve gastrectomy.

The other type of stomach reduction surgery performed today is ‘gastric bypass’ surgery. However, gastric bypass is preferred only in special cases; In cases where type 2 diabetes is at the forefront and insulin use is old, and especially in people with very high BMI, gastric bypass method can be the first choice of surgery.

In addition, gastric bypass method can be applied as the second operation method in patients who have had sleeve gastrectomy surgery and gain weight again.

Can Gastric Sleeve Surgery be applied to everyone with weight problems?

Those who have gastric sleeve surgery have to meet the following conditions:
Those with a body mass index over 40 kg/m² (morbidly obese, that is, severely obese).

Those who have a BMI between 35 and 40 and have problems such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and sleep apnea due to obesity are considered morbidly obese and may need to undergo gastric reduction surgery.

In addition, patients with obesity-related “new” type 2 diabetes and metabolism disorders and BMI between 30 and 35 can be operated with the decision of the obesity doctor.

Obesity surgeries are not performed for aesthetic purposes, that is, to make the person look weaker.

Until what age is Tube Stomach Surgery Performed?

Gastric sleeve gastrectomy surgery is performed on people between the ages of 18-65. In order for the person to be a suitable candidate for gastric surgery, the Body Mass Index (BMI) values determined by the World Health Organization must be 35 and above.

For people under the age of 18, the presence of the above-mentioned diseases along with the degree of obesity is important, and parental approval is required as well as the physician’s decision.

For people over the age of 65, the health status and the necessity of surgery (the person’s weight-related problems and problems) are evaluated.

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